Why Study in Germany? What are the Education Requirements in Germany?

It is the ultimate goal of every human being who has swallowed chalk dust, as the ancients say, who has passed through university school desks. Especially when high school education is started, and when the year of graduation is reached, dreams of university education blossom and skirts burn. Preparations for the exam that will shape our lives, stresses, excitements, and the processes in which we will experience many emotional states begin. Let’s color this dream a little more and start with the title of reading in Germany.

Why Study in Germany?

Living, studying, and working in a country where we are foreign to a culture that does not belong to our mother tongue. It’s both fascinating and terrifying at the same time. Our worries do not leave us, but if we move forward with determination, we can easily open our way. If you have chosen the country where you want to continue your education as Germany, the first question you should ask yourself is ” Why Germany? ” What You Need to Know When E-Export to Germany

General Information About Germany

It ranks high among the countries receiving the most immigration. After the Second World War, he arranged the immigration law due to the worker shortage and accepted the first Turkish workers in 1961. The group that went first consisted of 400 people. With the workforce and the success of the adaptation of the Turkish people, this number has increased and reached a population ratio of over 3 million today.

Germany, whose capital is Berlin, also has important big cities such as Hamburg, Cologne, Munich, and Frankfurt. Bordering the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Czech Republic, Poland, and Denmark, Germany has a slightly cold climate with plenty of precipitation.

The flight distance with Turkey is just as close. Imagine going from Büyükçekmece to Tuzla, considering the traffic in Istanbul. Add to your dream that you coincide with the time after work. At that time, you will have arrived in Germany already. Therefore, if you are in Germany for University Education and your relatives are smoking, you can easily skip and come. Of course, the important thing at this point is the German discipline, working structure, and culture. German Teacher: What Is It? and How to Become One?

German Culture and Discipline

The most well-known feature of German society is its punctuality. They pay great attention to appointment times and work start and end times. They pay particular attention to order and general rules. Usually, everything is closed on Sundays. The job is over at the time of rest. It would be disrespectful to be late at the starting time. It is also a shame to have one hand in your pocket while shaking hands. Also, while raising a glass, you need to look into the eyes of the other person, if you don’t, you will be rude.

The socio-economic status of the Germans, a society that loves to work and live, is at a certain level of prosperity. When we set out to study in Germany, we take our financial worries in our backpacks. One of the best news is that tuition fee are not available in Germany. In other words, you can get your university education free of charge and take part-time jobs within the hours deemed appropriate.

What are the Education Requirements in Germany?

Generally speaking, the language requirement mentioned at the end of the briefings should be our priority. The main language of Germany is German. English is also known and used by the majority. However, university education in Germany is given in German. Germany, which has deep-rooted universities in terms of history, also accepts students under the name of conditional admission. This option varies depending on the preferred department and university.

With this in mind, let’s take a look at the other conditions we need to fulfill. High school graduation. To be placed in an undergraduate program by taking the university selection and placement exam held in our country, it must be a department related to the department you will receive university education in Germany. For example, if you won a psychology major, you can study philosophy there. To be fluent in German (to prove your proficiency in English, which is the language that will help, as well as to complete the German A1 level for conditional admission).

It provides education in a wide variety of fields, especially with universities of applied sciences in engineering and colleges related to the arts. Students who come to Germany for education abroad first solve their language problems or can benefit from conditional admission.

For universities that teach in German, there is the Test Daf exam. They get the opportunity to be placed in various universities with the grades they this exam at C1 and B2 levels. There are universities in Germany that teach in English. With this, it is necessary to take the IELTS or TOEFL exams. Generally, it is necessary to get at least 6.0 from IELTS and 70 from TOEFL for studying abroad. These grades seem to apply to German universities as well. Things to consider when applying for an internship

Is It Hard To Study In Germany?

It is necessary to earn the same department that we want to study in Germany, in a department that provides formal education in Turkey. It doesn’t matter if the university is private or public. You do not need to enroll in the university you entered in Turkey. You just have to win. In addition, if you have registered and studied in Turkey for a certain period, you can transfer. This is true for vocational high schools. Apart from this, if you have completed a vocational school in Turkey, you can study in the same department in Germany without an exam.

If you want to study at the undergraduate level in Germany, it is important to have high grades in high school. For the documents to be requested during the application, transcript, diploma, language certificate, references, CV, and application form are required. A language certificate is required according to the language of education. If you are considering engineering for study abroad, you can consider Aachen Technical University, München Technical University, Darmstadt Technical University, Karlsruhe Technical University, and Berlin Technical University in Germany. These are the important engineering schools in both Germany and the world. 5 reasons to become an entrepreneur while still in high school

Living Conditions in Germany

Study abroad expenses are not the amount that every family can afford. Considering the living conditions of the countries and the expenditures to be made, your wishes may not be important. Therefore, it is necessary to do good research. Because, economically, it is imperative to fit our budget.

Germany is one of the most suitable countries for students’ living conditions. If you study at a public university, you pay a small amount or not at all. When you want to study abroad, the problem of accommodation is the most serious problem you encounter. It’s like you’re guaranteed to stay there once you figure it out. In Germany, students can stay with families, in private and state dormitories, or at home.

When you buy a house on your own, you encounter prices in the range of 150-300 Euros. We can say that food expenses are around 20-30 Euros per week. In other words, an average student can live in the range of 400-500 Euros.

Education Costs

Another issue that we should consider within the scope of education abroad is transportation costs. In this sense, Germany makes the most appropriate pricing. A student can use public transport free of charge in his/her state. Charged when out of state. In Germany, students are required to have health insurance. It costs between 30-40 Euros.

Within the scope of study abroad scholarships, there are scholarship opportunities offered by Germany to students. Government-sponsored scholarships, private scholarships, and university-specific scholarships are offered. For students who want to work abroad during their education, there are opportunities in Germany in a way that cannot be worn out. Students who want to work can work to earn money without exceeding a certain hour.

Why Should I Study in Germany?

There are many universities you can choose to study abroad. We can see the success of universities by looking at their place in the world rankings or, when we examine them in more detail, even from the success ranking of the department we will choose. One of the reasons why universities in Germany are most preferred is that state universities provide education with a small tuition fee. The average tuition fee in public universities varies between 200€ and 500€ per semester. It is available at universities at lower budgets.

Germany, one of the countries that attaches the most importance to education in Europe, is one of the countries with the highest number of international applicants. Another reason for students’ preference is to choose numerical departments. Because in Germany, the education of departments such as engineering, mathematics, and chemistry is available in many universities and students can be supported in terms of job opportunities after their education.

Many German universities are state-owned and are the oldest universities in Europe. There are private universities, of course, especially in the last few years, the number of newly opened private universities has been increasing. For the most part, there are more English -taught departments in private universities.

In state universities, many departments are taught in German. Although rare, some departments such as business and economics also have programs in English. Especially if you are going to choose a department in engineering, my recommendation will definitely be German universities. Germany, which has the best engineers in technical terms and which we hear frequently, such as BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Audi, Opel, Volkswagen, Porsche, Adidas, and Nivea, is a country with a high socio-economic level of prosperity.

It is recommended that students who want to study in Germany start their research as of the 9th grade. The biggest reason for this is to get used to the idea of ​​studying abroad and especially to learn about the German education system. The German education system is known as the most difficult education system in Europe. Because of its discipline and rigorous education, it is important for students to do their research on this subject in advance and, if possible, make an educated decision after visiting and seeing Germany. Moonstone Properties, Benefits, Colors

How is the University Application System in Germany?

Each country’s university application system is different. Since German education is given at public universities in Germany, you must have academic German when making your application. For this, you must take the TestDaf (Test Deutsch also Fremdsprache) academic language proficiency exam and submit the German language score required by the university you are applying to for your department.

The TestDaf exam is one of the German language proficiency exams with the accreditation required by German universities. TestDaf-4 is required for direct department applications, and different scores are required for university preparation applications. However, B1 or B2/Testdaf-3 may be requested.

University preparations in Germany are referred to as language preparation. In other words, if you receive a preparatory admission from a university, it does not mean that you have been accepted directly from your department. This is a pre-acceptance. With this document, you are considered to have started the language preparation at the university in order to increase your language proficiency to the desired level.

After completing the preparatory education, you take the final exams (some universities require a Testdaf-4 score) and submit a sufficient language score to the university, and you will be accepted for your department. The most important thing to remember when applying to German universities is the quota problem of universities. When you apply to public schools, you are evaluated by looking at many criteria such as the student density of the department you applied for that year, the grade averages of the applicants, language proficiency scores, and the recruitment is made. Therefore, early application is very important. I have some advice for you about the application process.

  1. If you do not have any knowledge of German, be sure to have at least an A1 certificate before you go, this is also important for your visa application.
  2. If you have never been abroad, check-in and out of Germany for at least a few weeks before starting the academic application process, even for travel purposes.
  3. Take language training in Germany for at least 1 month, at most 1 year before your university application process, this is very important in terms of practice.

The criterion that German universities will prioritize for admissions will be your high school grade point averages. Afterward, OSYM exam results, language proficiency certificate, references, etc. for students who have completed their education in Turkey. Some documents required by the university, such as Students who have completed their high school education in German high school in Turkey and who have completed Abitur education or CIB education can directly settle. What should be considered here will be your diploma grade. Afterward, the universities to which the application will be made must be determined and the required documents for the department must be completed.

Universities in Germany are 3 years. However, this situation may vary over 4-5-6 to years in some departments. Universities have two semesters of the academic year. These periods are; the 15 July Winter term and the 15 January Summer term. Universities accept students in both of these terms. The 15 July application period is the busiest and all departments are open. For the January 15 semester, applications for all departments may not be open. For this reason, it must be checked for up-to-dateness at the time of application.

Top 10 German Universities

Mechanical engineering, computer engineering, automotive engineering, industrial engineering, mechatronics, robotics, psychology, law, business, architecture, and various art departments are among the most preferred departments of students who want to study in Germany. Let’s take a look at 10 of the best universities that have weight in these departments and have a place in world rankings.

  • RWTH University of Aachen
  • TU Berlin
  • TU Munich
  • TU Darmstadt
  • TU Braunschweig
  • Leibniz University Hannover
  • University of Stuttgart
  • TU Dresden
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
  • Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Apart from these universities, there are also universities with high education quality that German students know very well. Universities are divided into two as technical and applied. In order to find the right one of these schools for you, you need to do serious research. In this regard, it is useful to get help from your educational consultants or guidance counselors.

Since Germany has a well-established system in education, the quality level of all state universities is high. For this reason, the schools that international students apply to most are generally well-known universities in the rankings. However, before submitting your application, I recommend that you research the schools carefully.

Postgraduate Education in Germany

Germany has become the favorite of many students who want to study abroad for 3 years academically. The biggest reason for this is that universities in Germany are in the top 100 in the world rankings. In addition, it gives importance to education in the academic sense and the state provides support to universities in this regard. For this reason, university fees are very, very low.

not to make a profit, but to grow entirely through education. In my previous article, I discussed the subject of university education in Germany. In this article, how to apply for a master’s degree in Germany, who should apply, and what are the graduate departments in Germany? Let’s examine these.

Education System in Germany

German universities are known to be difficult to study. The main reason for this is that the German education system is a disciplined & well-established system rather than the education of universities. I would like to briefly talk about the German education system.

In Germany, their education is shaped as if students are preparing for university from their primary education years. Primary education is 4 years. In some states, it takes up to 6 years. In middle school years, students choose a school according to their abilities. In these schools; Gymnasium schools take the most talented and successful students and prepare them for university. Realschule schools accept students with slightly lower levels of achievement. Hauptschule schools prepare students for vocational schools.

German students are expected to successfully complete the Abitur exams in order to be placed in a good university. However, students who graduated from vocational schools can also apply to universities with good levels, but they need to choose the right university here. Because on the websites of many universities in Germany, it is stated that which department you choose, and how many points the department receives. Students who fall below the required scores can only be placed depending on the additional quota or the low number of applications in that semester.

The most important thing to know at this point is that all German universities expect international students to achieve Abitur’s level of success. What does this mean; The German education system has its own point system. In other words, the scores you received in Turkey while applying to Germany are converted to the German grading system, and your score is understood and it is determined whether you are suitable for that university.

Frankly, since the point systems are different from the system of universities and high schools in Turkey, an unfair situation may be encountered in the application. Regardless of where international students apply, students are admitted to the German grading system based on their eligibility and scores. Since the education system and point system of each country is different, this can confuse students a bit. However, if you have a plan to apply to Germany, set yourself a deadline to implement this plan. During this time, focus on all your research and whether you are suitable for the German system and your language level. Afterward, you will have a healthy application period without encountering a subject that will surprise you during the application process or that you do not know. We will also examine in detail the issues of choosing universities according to education systems and ratings in the near future.

Applications for Postgraduate Studies in Germany

If you want to participate in programs such as a master’s or doctorate in Germany after completing your university education, you should first of all pay attention to your grade point average. At the application stage, especially state universities want high averages for many departments. You can interpret this situation as follows; Due to the high density of applications to state universities, it accepts a certain number of students. In general, the number of quotas is low. Students who have the highest grade point average among these students and have submitted all required documents in full can enter. Topics that will make you stand out here will be your German language skills as well as your grade point average.

Universities in Germany are of 3 types. These;

  • Public universities
  • Fachhochschule (University of Applied Sciences)
  • Private universities

Let’s take a look at the conditions that should be taken into account by students who will apply for a master’s degree in public universities;

  1. Universities teach in German and the application requires a Testdaf-4 document (There are schools that also accept exams such as Telc or DSH. You can also enter the language preparation of the school according to the score you get from one of these language exams)
  2. You pay a small fee of around 200€ to 650€ per semester (it may increase or decrease depending on the province you prefer)
  3. According to the department, many universities require a diploma score of 3.00 and above according to the 4-point system in Turkey (it definitely varies according to the semester, department, and school you will apply)
  4. It is important that your department’s core courses are high in Transcript.
  5. Universities require a reference letter when applying.
  6. It is important that you write a letter of Intent in which you describe yourself very well.
  7. According to the department you will apply for, the studies you have done before are requested.
  8. You must have completed your internship (may not be available at all universities)
  9. Universities definitely require your university placement document in the application.
  10. In some schools, documents such as high school transcripts may also be requested according to the request of the extra school.

To make a small addition to these items, there are English programs in some departments at state universities, exceptionally. However, even in these programs, there will always be a desired German language level. Apart from these items, universities have the right to request extra documents from you, even if you provide the required documents. You must follow up on your application very well.

Except for the items I mentioned above, universities of applied sciences accept students with a slightly lower grade point average. The priority in these schools is the internship requirement. Reference letters and letters of intent are very important. Many of the following items apply to these schools as well.

In private universities, which is another type of university, the application conditions are a little more flexible than the others. You can apply to these schools in English. Most of them are educated in English. Applications are made with IELTS – 6 / 6.5 scores. The department you will apply for and of course, the period are also important here. However, departments in private universities are a little more verbal. For example; instead of a technical department such as computer engineering, there are departments such as computer science. They are universities that do not want very high-grade point averages.

According to the term, you will apply to these universities, I recommend that you do your research beforehand and take action after confirming the up-to-dateness. Especially the changes made in state universities may not always be updated on the websites. For this reason, it is very important to be in contact with the ‘international office’ of the universities. German universities mostly give information to students by mail, in very exceptional cases, students can be called by phone. If the school requests a document from you, the deadline must be specified. I recommend that you do not miss the expiry dates of the document, as they are multi-disciplinary in terms of functioning. Otherwise, they absolutely do not know flexibility.

Who Can Apply for Postgraduate Education in Germany?

We often hear that German universities are difficult. However, contrary to this view, many Turkish students live and study in Germany. The important thing here is to adapt to the system. For this, before making an academic application, you must go to Germany and see the universities there and, if possible, improve your language skills there. The longer you stay in Germany, the more you adapt to the system.

Many students can apply to Germany without any knowledge of German. However, this situation brings with it many personal difficulties. It is very difficult to get used to and adapt to a country whose language you do not know. However, it will make you more comfortable if you have studied German before you go. Istanbul Business Institute, which has experienced teachers in German education, provides this training online free of charge to its students. The certificate you will receive at the end of the training will be a step toward this path.

Many of the students who will make academic applications go to Germany for advanced German education and especially for practice. There, they make their academic applications after they bring their language level to the level required by the university. This process determines getting to know Germany and whether you can study there for a long time. Therefore, my advice is; You will have to bring your German level to the intermediate level in Turkey and then take the remaining levels at a language school in Germany. In this way, you will also test whether you can live there spiritually. You can choose your time preference for a language school in Germany in the summer holidays or when you are available. While you are studying in Turkey, it is very important that you make this plan, even if it is short-term, in terms of getting to know the country and city you are going to for a long time.

It is important for German schools that the department chosen by the students who will study in Germany is related to the department they graduated from at the university. Here, students, who want to continue their choice through the department they graduated from, especially if they graduated from specific departments such as engineering, psychology, and architecture, these fields are very valuable in Germany. For this reason, your grade point average should be high and the primary document that German universities will look at will be your main course grades in your transcript.

Students who are prone to German with a good average and who develop themselves in this sense, who love Germany and are inclined to technical departments should definitely apply to German schools. Germany has created employment opportunities for many international students after their education. As long as you have success here and your knowledge of German, you can work in many fields and stay in Germany for a long time.

If you are not applying for educational purposes, you can apply to Germany for employment. Of course, visa procedures and all other procedures will change accordingly. I would like to give very short information about German visas; There are two types of German visas: national visa long-term (D-type) and Schengen visa-type short-term (C-type) visas. When making your visa application, you must document what you are going to Germany for.

Documentation is very important for all German visas. If you are going for business, you must receive a letter from a company in Germany and a signed document stating that you have been invited there. You should explain and document many issues such as what purpose, how long, and the degree of importance of your departure. The same applies to student applications. Documents proving that you will study there, such as university admission or registration documents at a language school, and language certificates are very important.

One of the most important documents on German visas is the German language certificate. Due to the intense applications in recent years, before the pandemic period, the applications of students with a German language certificate were giving results much faster. During the pandemic period, consulates were closed in Germany, as in many countries, or the visa results of the students who applied were announced very, very late. Visa results for German visas for short-term education and all other applications outside Schengen are announced late, you should be prepared for this.

Postgraduate Courses in Germany

There are more than 500 universities and many faculties in Germany. In addition, there are departments in many fields and new departments are opened every year. Let’s list some of the most preferred German and English departments at universities in Germany;

German Sections:

  • Computer engineering
  • Electrical Electronics Engineering
  • Mechatronics
  • Aerospace engineering
  • Industrial engineering
  • Automotive engineering
  • Aeronautical engineering
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Architecture
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Business
  • International relations
  • Economy
  • Mathematics
  • Law
  • Art departments

English Sections:

  • Business
  • International relations
  • International business
  • Tourism hotel services
  • Hotel management
  • International hotel management
  • Logistics
  • Marketing
  • International marketing
  • International management
  • public relations
  • Literature
  • Communications engineering
  • Energy management
  • Electrical and electronics engineering
  • International politics and history
  • Linguistics
  • Art departments

These departments are among the most preferred departments in Germany. However, apart from these, new departments are opened in schools every year and international student applications are increasing. Early application to universities is very important. After you have determined the semester in which you will apply, you need to know whether the university wants a pre-application.

Pre-application; Uni-assist institution is an authorized institution in Germany that receives the pre-applications of the majority of state universities and checks these application documents of the universities and confirms whether they meet the criteria of the university applied for. This institution receives the documents from the students in accordance with the application criteria of the universities and sends a pre-approval. With this pre-approval document, you apply to your original university in Germany. What you need to pay attention to here is the time of these application processes. University and application processes in Germany are long. For this reason, it is necessary to act early.

The graduate application dates of universities are known as July 15 and January 15 deadlines. However, some schools may close their applications much earlier than the department. For this reason, you should check the application deadlines of the university and especially your department. In some schools, the application process may be in two or three stages. This shows that it is necessary to control the application dates very well.

Application dates of universities are available on their websites. However, the point you should pay attention to is not only the application date of the university but also the application deadline of your department. Because some schools in Germany have a progressive application system. You may need to send the documents you will send to the ‘international office’ of the school first, & then, according to the approval from there, another requested document to the head of the department. According to the result from there, your university acceptance documents will come and you can start visa procedures. Situations like these can prolong the application process a bit.

It is very important to plan the visa and the process of going to Germany correctly. From the moment you decide to study until the moment you leave, Germany actually begins to prepare you for its own system.

Why is Basic German Education Necessary?

At this point, in order to continue your detailed research; I advise you to review the counseling center “DAAD Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdients”. Since it is in the center of Turkey, you can have peace of mind. You can get your language education online, which is indispensable for you to get a university education in Germany, without leaving your daily life and work.

German Education, which is given within the scope of free online training organized by Istanbul Business Institute, can be a productive start for you. By participating in this training, you can access online content, live lessons, and recorded lesson videos, as well as practice exams that will contribute to your development. When you succeed in the certification exam, a certificate code or certificate of achievement will take its place in your Germany bag and become your reference. After this training, I recommend you to listen to online applications, AL level starter books, German series (subtitles will be medicine for now), news, and talk shows.

How is the Education System in Germany?

Germany has a deep-rooted system in its education system that has not changed for many years. German universities, to which many international students apply every year, offer students German & English education. German schools, which are at the forefront with their engineering departments, prefer students who have a good command of the German language and have a high-grade point average.

What is Required for Postgraduate Applications in Germany?

Depending on the university and department you are applying to, schools require some documents. In university applications, documents such as grade point average, language proficiency certificate, references, and letter of intent must be sent to the university in full. Schools may also request extra documents from you after your application. In the applications of state universities, some intermediary institutions such as Uni-assist give the control and pre-approval of these documents.

Who Can Get Postgraduate Education in Germany?

Students who want to study for a master’s degree in Germany are expected to continue through the department they graduated from at the university. In fact, the department graduated from and the preferred department should be related to each other. German universities pay particular attention to the main course grades in your transcript by looking at documents such as diplomas and transcripts. For this reason, choosing the sub-branches of the same faculty, in other words, the department you graduated from, will give healthier results in your application.

Why Should I Study in Germany?

Tuition fees of public universities in Germany are very, very low compared to other European countries. State universities charge a small fee. At the same time, German universities have the oldest and most established technical universities in Europe. In this sense, it is a country that has a high education quality and can create employment opportunities for students such as post-training internships.

How is the University Application System in Germany?

State universities accept applications in two semesters. July 15 and January 15 terms are important for applications. Things to do should be checked about three months before the application deadline.

Which Departments Should I Choose in Germany?

German state universities are known for their emphasis on technical education. For this reason, there are usually many engineering departments. In addition to these, it is a country that is frequently mentioned with its departments such as mathematics, chemistry, business administration, psychology, architecture, and art schools.

Which Exam is Required for German Education?

There is the TestDaf exam for universities that provide education in German. They get the opportunity to be placed in various universities with the grades they get from this exam at C1 and B2 levels.

​Do you need to pass the exam in Turkey to study in Germany?

It is necessary to earn the same department that we want to study in Germany, from a department that provides formal education in Turkey. It doesn’t matter if the university is private or public. You do not need to enroll in the university you entered in Turkey. You just have to win.

What are the Education Requirements in Germany?”

Generally speaking, the language requirement mentioned at the end of the briefings should be our priority. The main language of Germany is German. English is also known and used by the majority. However, university education in Germany is given in German. Germany, which has deep-rooted universities in terms of history, also accepts students under the name of conditional admission. This option varies depending on the preferred department and university.

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