What Gemstones Are Found In Romania?

In our country, there are no geological conditions necessary for the formation of diamonds. Despite the myths that Romania “sits” on a mine of diamonds and other precious stones, the situation is slightly different in terms of mineral deposits. In our country there are a number of precious stones, but not diamonds or other deposits worth millions of dollars.

The reason is simple: minerals and precious stones are not found in the basement as if they were “thrown” at random. Their formation is based on a complex geological process, which has been carefully studied by scientists and researchers. Also, Read – What is Lapis Lazuli? What it is used for? Where it is Found?

How are gemstones formed?

Precious stones are minerals that have a number of qualities, also called gems. Geologists say that the gems appeared as a result of geological mechanisms. Therefore, the movement of tectonic plates and the formation of mountains, including volcanic phenomena, erosion, and sedimentation are the basis for the formation of precious stones. Precious stones, but not diamonds or other deposits worth millions of dollars.

The reason is simple: minerals and precious stones are not found in the basement as if they were “thrown” at random. Their formation is based on a complex geological process, which has been carefully studied by scientists and researchers.

The most expensive diamond in the world is priced at an estimated $ 400 million

Therefore, our country has no way to have diamond deposits, even if Romania has important deposits of gold, silver, copper, zinc, or lead.

The science that deals with the study of precious stones is called gemology

Extremely high pressures and temperatures are needed for diamonds to form. We are talking about exactly 1,000 degrees Celsius. Everything must take place at great depths, in the absence of oxygen. Under these conditions, the carbon atoms are compressed and the crystal lattice that the diamond has is formed. This is also why diamonds are found in very few places on Earth.

What Gemstones Are Found In Romania

Thus, to the question of whether diamonds are found in Romania, the answer given by scientists is the following: In our country, there were no geological conditions necessary for the formation of diamonds.

In Romania there are no necessary conditions for the formation of diamonds

What gems are there in Romania?

Maramureș region

Even if there are no diamonds in Romania, we have important deposits of precious stones in Maramureș County, in the Metaliferi Mountains, and in Roșia Montană.

The Maramureş region is rich in minerals, taking into account the fact that the area is one with a fairly high volcanic activity. Thus, in Maramureș, there are special precious stones that have special colors.

Among the most interesting gemstones are amethyst (Red Valley), native gold (Cavnic), chalcedony (Trestia), quartz, calcite, and chalcopyrite (Baia Sprie, Băiuţ).

In Maramureş are found the most precious stones: amethyst, native gold, chalcedony, quartz, calcite and chalcopyrite

To these are added other precious stones such as rhodochrosite, stibine, pyrrhotine, pyrite, blende, barite, siderite, marcasite, vivianite, or tungsten.

The Ore Mountains

In the Ore Mountains, there is a well-known gemstone. This is amethyst, a variety of blue-violet quartz. The best known areas here are Musariu, Valea Morii, Brădişor, Hondol and Ormindea.

Rosia Montana

In Roșia Montană and in the neighboring regions there are the following precious stones: pyroxenite, garnet, magnetite, and hematite.

These areas are the richest in precious minerals, but such precious stones are also found in the Eastern Carpathians (barite and amber) and the Southern Carpathians (distant, spodumene, garnets, staurolite).

Precious stones are also found in the Eastern Carpathians (barite and amber) and the Southern Carpathians (distant, spodumene, garnets, staurolite).

Why are some stones more precious than others?

Minerals that have certain qualities, such as purity, color, transparency, and hardness, are the precious stones that we all know. Moreover, precious stones are considered to be rare, pure, hard minerals of special beauty.

Weight, color, clarity and cut are the factors that determine the value of a gemstone. Rarity, size and hardness are also factors that influence this value.

Some gemstones can also be produced synthetically. Here we can mention zirconium (diamond imitation) or corundum. The quality of synthetic minerals has improved substantially recently, leading to their widespread use.

The most famous gemstones are diamond, ruby, sapphire, and emerald. To these are added a number of lesser-known gemstones:

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