Advantages and Benefits of Online Education Essay

Getting an education is one of the important stages in a person’s life, helping him not only develop comprehensively but also choose a certain narrow specialization that suits his liking the most so that in the future, using experience, to earn money.

Advantages and Benefits of Online Education Essay

But no matter how important it is for a person, at this stage one cannot do without difficulties. Many face problems such as lack of money, time, and lack of decent educational institutions where one could get a quality education. The latter is due to the fact that the largest part of the population is concentrated in the European part of Russia, and these are Moscow and St. Petersburg – the two main capitals, whose universities employ highly qualified teachers who provide real knowledge and a base that can be applied in the future. But, for example, people living in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug simply do not have the opportunity to come to these or other large cities in Russia. What should they do if they are hungry for good knowledge? And what if there is added poor material support and an absolute lack of free time?

In this case, many choose distance education. Distance education is education at a distance. This method has become available due to the development of the Internet. Now the teacher and the student do not have to contact each other face-to-face, because this need to be replaced by the Internet connection.

Those who are interested in obtaining such education are probably interested in knowing its advantages and disadvantages. 10 Best Apple Watch Fitness Apps of 2022

Advantages of distance learning

First, as already mentioned, distance learning is a good way to get an education with limited finances. Comparing the usual full-time form of education and distance learning, when choosing the latter, you save quite a tidy sum.

Secondly, this way of learning allows you to study at any time when it is convenient for you, because all the materials are sent to you by mail or posted on the website at a certain time, and you decide when to go through them and practice your knowledge. This is very convenient, especially if you have a main job.

Thirdly, you yourself choose the place of study: be it a cafe, work, a park or just a house.

Also, the advantages of distance learning include the fact that it gives real knowledge. Reviewing the traditional education system in Russia, it becomes clear that a person will not receive a good education if he himself does not want it. Turning to the topic of distance learning, it is worth noting that now he himself needs to go through the material, and, as you know, when he independently studies and searches for the necessary information, the things that need to be learned fit into his head, which gives an incomparable advantage.

In addition, the student will never have problems with an insufficient amount of material, reference books, and textbooks, because he receives everything he needs on the Internet. The following advantage follows from this – in order to consult with a tutor, it is not necessary to make an in-person meeting, because you can find out everything you need by simply writing to him by e-mail. 3 Benefits of Online Education You Didn’t Know

Tests and exams held at universities make you worry because they will be taken by a strict teacher, who can not be passed the first time. With distance learning, this problem is a thing of the past, because, in order for the teacher to understand whether you have mastered the topic, you just need to take an online test in a relaxed home environment. Isn’t that a clear advantage?

And finally, it is always difficult for teachers to assess the abilities of each student in a group, but with distance education, he has every opportunity to “squeeze” the maximum out of you, taking into account your qualities.

Disadvantages of distance learning

After such advantages, the disadvantages may seem insignificant, but they are still inherent in this form of education.

For example, the same remote communication between a teacher and a student can affect the memorization of the necessary information in a completely different way. In the process of the teacher’s gestures, showing his emotions and actions, the student’s brain better remembers the information offered. With distance learning, you will have to make more efforts to assimilate.

Also, such training is not suitable for lazy people, because a person must have self-discipline in order to sit down at a computer after work, study, and complete test tasks.

In addition, for people who perfectly express their thoughts aloud, distance learning can not only not help, but, on the contrary, exacerbate the situation, because basically all exams are held in writing. At the same time, the teacher cannot evaluate the independent mental activity of a person.

Another significant drawback is the lack of scientific personnel who could develop such a system, and improve it, because most Russians adhere to traditional teaching methods, respectively, distance education is developing slowly, not giving the full knowledge that could be obtained through full-time study at the institute. How to create an effective strategy for the education and development of your employees in 2022

Conclusions

Thus, distance learning is a specific means of obtaining an education. This is not ideal for absolutely everyone, but many can benefit from this experience in practice.

The International Commission on Education, Science and Culture at the United Nations (UNESCO) proclaimed two basic principles of modern education: “education for all” and “education throughout life.” Of course, no one doubts the correctness of this approach to building an education system. But from the point of view of today’s Russian realities, a number of problems arise.

First: The problem of vast territories with uneven population density. And although the population is scattered throughout the country, the central region (especially in Moscow and St. Petersburg) is where the majority of high-level educational institutions and highly qualified teachers are concentrated. And a trip for admission to another city is often impossible due to high costs. There is still a need to improve the education of people working in the regions, as a rule, with families for whom moving to another city is associated with significant problems. German Teacher: What Is It? and How to Become One?

Second, it’s a time problem. Today, most modern specialists have time scheduled by the minute. And yet, no one can do without new knowledge, without lifelong learning. And even evening and Sunday education does not solve this problem.

Third: is the problem of money. This applies to a greater extent to higher education and preparation for it. The competition for free places is high, and not everyone can afford paid education.

Distance education helps in solving all of the above problems. What is it? The answer is already in the definition itself. This is training “at a distance”, i.e. at a distance, when the teacher and the student are separated spatially. Naturally, new technologies for presenting educational materials are used. It is they who make distance education cheap and accessible to all, opening up opportunities for communication over long distances. The conditions for the development of distance education were modern achievements in the field of learning technologies, mass media and communications, and rapid development, and widespread use of various technical means. This is primarily computer and information technology; satellite communication systems; educational television; mass connection to information systems;

There are three types of distance technologies used in the learning process. The first type is a paper-based case technology. These are, first of all, teaching aids, called workbooks, which are accompanied by a tutor. The tutor maintains telephone, postal and other communication with students, and can also meet directly with students at counseling centers or training centers. The second technology is satellite television. It is very expensive and so far little used. Its main drawback is weak interactivity, that is, feedback. And finally, the third technology is online learning or network technology. Most often, in the process of distance learning, all of the above technologies are used in different proportions.

Distance education began to develop intensively in Europe and the USA in the early 70s. The reasons for the spread of this education are simple: every person, regardless of his nationality and location, can receive a diploma from any university. Most education professionals see distance education as a promising form because it can suit many and is less expensive. In addition, it is possible to choose certain training courses, i.e. receive the so-called “education on demand”, which also gives an advantage in price.

In Russia, distance education began to develop in the 90s. In 1997, an all-Russian experiment in the field of distance learning was launched and completed in 2002. It was attended by state and non-state educational institutions. In June 2002, a meeting of the collegium of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation was held, which summed up its results. The participants of the experiment – 20 institutions of higher professional education – worked out such main groups of distance technologies as case technology (it is usually used in combination with full-time forms of education), network (Internet education), and satellite television. Higher education institutions have created and tested specialized educational materials (basic interactive teaching aids, educational videos, audio programs, educational computer programs, etc.).

An important result of the experiment was the creation of regulatory support. This made it possible for all educational institutions to work on the basis of distance learning technologies. In December 2002, the “Methodology for the Application of Distance Educational Technologies (Distance Learning) in Institutions of Higher, Secondary and Additional Professional Education in the Russian Federation” was approved. In January 2003, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed the Law “On Amendments and Additions to the Law of the Russian Federation” On Education “and the Federal Law” On Higher and Postgraduate Professional Education. recognized.

Naturally, this type of training has its pros and cons for students. If you are considering the option of education using this technology, then you should consider the following:

Advantages of distance education:

Learning at an individual pace – the speed of learning is set by the student himself, depending on his personal circumstances and needs. Freedom and flexibility – the student can choose any of the many courses of study, as well as independently plan the time, place, and duration of classes. Accessibility – independence from the geographical and temporal location of the student and educational institution allows you not to limit yourself in educational needs. Mobility – the effective implementation of feedback between the teacher and the student is one of the main requirements and foundations for the success of the learning process. Manufacturability – the use in the educational process of the latest achievements of information and telecommunication technologies. Social equality – equal opportunities for education, regardless of the place of residence, health status, elitism, and material security of the student. Creativity is a comfortable environment for the student’s creative self-expression. 3 Types of Continuous Learning You Can Implement Today

Downsides:

Lack of face-to-face communication between students and teachers. That is, all points related to an individual approach and upbringing are excluded. And when there is no person nearby who could emotionally color knowledge, this is a significant minus. The need for a number of individual psychological conditions. Distance learning requires strict self-discipline, and its result directly depends on the independence and consciousness of the student. The need for constant access to information sources. Good technical equipment is needed, but not everyone who wants to study has a computer and Internet access. As a rule, students feel the lack of practical training. There is no constant control over students, which for a Russian person is a powerful incentive. Training programs and courses may not be well developed due to the fact that there are not so many qualified specialists capable of creating such training aids today. In distance education, the basis of learning is only written. For some, the inability to express their knowledge also in verbal form can turn into a stumbling block.

From our point of view, distance education is a very convenient and useful thing. But we advise you to receive basic education in this way only if for some reason (spatial, temporal, or monetary) the traditional option of education is not available to you. But in the future, preference can be given to remote forms. They are very effective in the field of additional education or advanced training because the trainee has already received the basics of the profession and knows a lot from full-time education.

Studying full-time or part-time is no longer in vogue. Why waste a lot of time when you can do all the same things from the comfort of your own home?

Yes, you guessed it: today we will talk about distance learning. And to be more precise, about the advantages and disadvantages that future students may face.

But first, let’s take a look at what the distance learning system is in higher education (in universities or colleges), how e-learning and distance learning differ, and much more.

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Distance learning: what is it?

Distance learning is a process of interaction between a student and a teacher at a distance while maintaining all the components inherent in learning (goals, content, methods, organizational forms, teaching aids) and using specific technical means (Internet technologies or other interactive environments).

To simplify a little, distance learning is an independent form of learning using information technology as the main means of learning.

To undergo distance learning, it is not necessary to go to Moscow and rent expensive housing. Here it is enough to have a high level of self-discipline and self-control, as well as the necessary distance technologies (mainly the Internet), which will help you get the most out of e-learning.

Now we are all so smart and use the Internet, perhaps not from birth. And before everything was different, let’s find out how this type of training appeared to us.

History of modern distance learning

Education using distance learning technologies appeared in the distant 18th century when a regular and accessible postal service appeared in Europe.

It looked quite simple: the student received assignments and educational materials by mail, corresponded with teachers and passed an exam, or wrote a scientific work to trusted persons within the prescribed time.

But in Russia, this full-time distance learning came to the end of the 19th century. And everything began to happen even faster because, in the 20th century, thanks to the rapid technological growth, the telegraph and even the telephone appeared. But these types of communication did not abolish the “correspondent training” that is still found in many countries.

A significant breakthrough was made in the possibilities of distance learning with the advent of radio and television. Numerous educational television programs began to appear, which millions of people could watch. True, there was one, but a rather big drawback: the lack of feedback.

The world’s first distance education university was opened in 1969 in the UK – the Open University of Great Britain. This name made it clear to everyone that the educational institution is accessible to everyone due to its affordable cost and the absence of the need to attend distance learning classes every day.

Other universities with distance learning began to open, which gained great popularity abroad:

  • National Technological University (USA, 1984);
  • Open University Hagen (Germany);
  • Spanish National University of Distance Learning;
  • INTEC College of Cape Town (South Africa);
  • Australian Territorial Information Network;
  • British Open University Open School of Business.

Of course, the development of personal computers and their availability in the 1980s created an educational revolution, giving hope for the simplification and automation of learning.

In the 1990s, satellite technologies began to actively develop. But still, 1997 is considered the year of the beginning of distance learning in Russia. It was then that the Ministry of Education issued order No. 1050, which allowed for experimental distance education.

Already in the 21st century, the Internet began to spread massively, contributing to the popularization of distance learning in universities for the first or second higher education, for retraining or advanced training at universities, and for any basic or additional education.

With the Internet, students have a unique opportunity to receive feedback from teachers, wherever they are. As soon as the speed increased, various educational training, webinars, and online classes began to be held.

Distance learning in Russia

Every year this type of education becomes more and more popular.

In 2005, the Ministry of Education issued order 137 “On the use of distance learning technologies”, according to which the university can control learning using DOT (distance learning technologies) in person or remotely.

But why is the use of distance learning becoming so popular right now? Never before has higher education been so in demand, and the Internet so accessible and fast. Time savings, self-organization, and quick feedback are all you need for successful distance learning.

Moreover, continuous education today is an indispensable attribute of any highly qualified specialist. If a person wants to stay up to date with the latest developments in his field, he must constantly learn. And the easiest way to do this is through the organization of distance learning.

Distance learning technologies

Modern distance learning after college or university is based on such basic elements as:

  • Information transmission medium (television, mail, radio, X – information communication links);
  • Methods are dependent on the technical environment for information exchange.

Of course, today distance learning is impossible without the Internet. But besides it, there are different educational platforms that contribute to the deeper assimilation of information.

In 2003, the ADL (Advanced Distributed Learning) initiative group began to develop SCORM, a distance interactive learning standard for the widespread use of Internet technologies.

Types of DO Programs

If you have already started looking for a university with this type of study, take your time. It’s time to deal with the classification of educational institutions:

  1. “Natural” Universities. They are ordinary universities where you can get a bachelor’s degree or complete a master’s degree. Distance learning of such a plan is quite rare even in the United States, where, it would seem, there is a huge variety of all kinds and forms of education. These universities have the proper accreditation, which involves obtaining a quality education that is common to all.
  2. Providers of corporate courses / professional development training. Everything is clear here – some organizations offer courses, training, webinars, and programs, the result of which is a distance learning certificate. As a rule, such courses are aimed at developing/improving certain professional skills. Usually without accreditation. They are formed taking into account the individual wishes of the customer, so different programs on the same topic differ greatly from each other both in content and in quality because there are no general standards for distance learning. And it is extremely important to study the structure, directions, and procedure of DO in as much detail as possible in order to determine its effectiveness. It is also important to find out how support and communication with students take place, and what is provided.
  3. Traditional Universities with Online Learning Opportunities. Recently, many familiar colleges and universities are creating separate online programs. They do not abandon their usual directions, but only expand the range of educational products, thus attracting more and more interested people.

Forms of implementation of distance learning

The implementation of DO can be carried out both online and offline.

And here are the most common forms-methods of distance learning:

  1. Chat session – a session that takes place using chat technologies (for example, skype). It’s like a video conference when all the participants of the lesson can study at the same time, and have access to the chat. Many educational institutions have their own chat school, where the process of interactive distance learning between the teacher and students takes place in specialized chat rooms.
  2. Web lesson – a distance lesson, seminar, conference, business game, workshop, laboratory work, or another form of the training session, which is conducted through telecommunications or other Internet opportunities. For such a lesson, a special web forum is used – a form of student work on a specific topic or on some problem by leaving notes on one of the sites on which the corresponding program is installed. It differs from a chat session in that the work here takes place over a longer period (for many days), and the nature of the interaction between teachers and students is asynchronous.
  3. A teleconference is a session that is usually held on the basis of a mailing list via e-mail. This form of employment is distinguished by the achievement of educational objectives. It is based on the method of “natural learning process” ( natural learning manner ) – a simple and free system that is actively used by Europeans to receive a second higher or additional education. In the course of it, the student constantly performs practical tasks and works on the automation of skills. The theory is organically intertwined with training exercises, which contribute to the assimilation of knowledge without additional effort. Theory and practice are acquired in the process of systematic study of materials, by listening to and repeating video and audio recordings.
  4. Telepresence is an experimental type of distance learning, in which a student, while in another place at a computer, can see, hear and speak with the help of a robot. During the lesson, the teacher asks questions, and the student answers them. Previously, this was possible only in this form: thanks to the monitor on the robot, the teacher sees the student, and the student creates the effect of full presence next to his peers. This technology was created for people with disabilities who cannot attend school. But now it is enough to have a computer with a camera and an Internet connection to create the effect of telepresence.

Advantages and disadvantages of distance learning at a university

We already know a lot about distance learning. And everyone is free to decide whether it fits or not. But it will not be superfluous to find out from specialists what are the pros and cons of this form of study at the institute.

Advantages of DO

The benefits of distance learning are as follows:

  • Reduced training costs. Universities do not pay rent, students do not pay for travel, rent, etc. You need to find out how much distance learning costs at a particular university on the official websites. But it will not be free for sure, because the performer spends money on communication, complex technical means of providing it, etc.
  • Reduction of training time.
  • Ability to plan your schedule and workload. Now no one will tell you what, where, when, and how to memorize, read, write, and learn. You yourself plan your workload, draw up a work schedule and choose a list of subjects.
  • No reference to the place of residence of the student. Another city, another region, or even another continent – today it does not matter at all where you are. The main thing is a computer and the Internet. Today, mothers with small children, people with disabilities who are serving sentences in places of deprivation of liberty, located in hard-to-reach corners, and many others are undergoing distance learning.
  • Suitable for individual needs. Distance learning at a state university is well suited for those who do not like crowded places and crowded rooms, who cannot get out from under their favorite blanket on their favorite sofa. Thanks to the familiar environment, productivity also improves. How to study? Yes, as you wish: sitting, lying, even standing on your head.
  • Ability to work with any number of people.
  • Improving the quality of education through the use of modern technical means, electronic libraries, etc.
  • Learn at your most comfortable pace. Students are not afraid to fall behind their fellow students. You can return to a difficult question at any convenient time, and you can omit an easy topic, spending time on important questions.
  • Opportunity to combine studies with the main activity. Particularly motivated students can study several courses at the same time, and receive several higher educations at once. The principles of distance learning make it possible to study at the same time as a busy work schedule. The only requirements for this are high-speed internet and some free time to study.
  • High learning outcomes. Distance learning trends have shown that this type of study is in no way inferior, and in many ways even surpasses traditional lecture attendance. Thanks to independent work, the remote student remembers and understands the material covered much better, and applies it in practice. And interest in learning is “warmed up” thanks to the use of modern technologies.
  • Variety of means of communication with teachers. You can maintain communication both online and offline (mobile phones, e-mail, etc.).
  • Access to educational materials. The methodical system of distance learning is built in such a way that the student can access extensive online libraries with textbooks, manuals, problem books, and other materials necessary for study at any time.
  • Calm environment. By passing tests and exams, the student experiences less stress and anxiety. There is no possibility of a subjective assessment of knowledge: the teacher’s bad mood, obscene appearance or social status of the student, and academic performance in other subjects will not affect the overall assessment of the subject.
  • Comfortable work of the teacher. Teachers can work even from maternity leave, still paying attention to a large number of students.
  • Individual approach. Here, as in working with a tutor: modern distance learning systems allow you to get an answer to any question that a student has. In traditional education, this is rare, because the teacher cannot devote time to everyone.

If you are worried about what documents you need to submit for distance learning, then everything is the same as when entering a regular university based on secondary education: a certificate, photographs, an application, etc.

Cons DO

As in any other aspect of our life, in distance learning, in addition to the pros, there are also cons:

  • Having strong motivation. Only those who have a good idea of ​​what they need it for will be able to study here. Since the student studies the lion’s share of all educational material on his own, strong self-control skills, developed willpower, and responsibility are needed here – this is what is needed for successful distance learning.
  • Not suitable for developing communication skills. Here, all learning processes occur with minimal interaction with other people, and sometimes in its complete absence. So if you need to develop communication, teamwork, and confidence skills, it is better to choose traditional methods in higher education rather than distance learning.
  • Lack of practical knowledge. What distinguishes distance learning from traditional is the lack of “live” practice, without which it is difficult to fully master the craft being studied.
  • Identification problem. The essence of distance learning in universities is that a person is trained with the help of communication tools. Checking whether he is taking online tests or sending assignments by mail is almost impossible. There are some programs based on face identification or computer text printing features, but they are not as common. Therefore, often students have to personally attend the final certification.

According to certain distance learning criteria, you can understand whether you will get the desired final result or not.

Course structure

A well-designed distance program should not completely copy a face-to-face course. There should be various means that involve the student in learning, giving him the opportunity to manage the learning process.

The focus of the distance course should be on the student, his needs, and abilities.

Ways and means of communication

Internet resources should not be the only means of communication with the teacher. A well-designed program should offer the student several ways to deliver information (including regular telephone, mail, fax), as well as Internet technologies (e-mail, teleconference, interactive television, video/audio conference, etc.).

Also, classes can take place synchronously (with the simultaneous participation of teachers and students in real-time) or asynchronously. In the first case, the means of information transmission should be represented by videoconferencing or interactive television. The second type is more flexible and provides the student with a convenient work time for him. Communication means such as e-mail, video/audio cassettes, and regular mail can be used here.

All the methods of communication presented should be comfortable for you.

Support and communication with students

The methodology and techniques of good distance learning are aimed at ensuring that any student does not feel abandoned, lonely, or isolated from the rest. All conditions for a productive atmosphere of interaction should be created here.

Be sure to find out how instructors help their students before you start. With a well-organized program, one gets the feeling that distance learning is the same full-time course, only much easier and more accessible.

You have seen for yourself how many pros and cons distance learning technology has. Whether it is worth it for you to enter such a form is your own business. We just tried to convey as much information as possible, which is designed to help you make the right decision. However, there are no wrong decisions. Remember: if it gets difficult, just contact Student Services. They will make the learning process comfortable and as enjoyable as possible!

1. Manufacturability of training.

Using modern technologies, the process of distance education itself becomes more efficient. Thanks to this, visual information becomes dynamic and bright. The process itself is very simple & practically does not differ from visiting an Internet cafe or an Internet store in order, for example, to buy children’s toys or walkers. Also, the skills acquired while working with modern high-tech devices can be useful not only in everyday life but also at work.

2. Availability of distance education.

Distance learning has now become in demand, many specialists want to improve their qualifications or retrain, but they do not have the opportunity to study at the institutes due to a lack of free time. Distance education copes very well with the task of raising the level of education of specialists living in remote regions of the country, while the main ones are located mainly in central cities, including Moscow, and St. Petersburg. This type of training? It provides an opportunity to study in the best educational institutions around the world.

Qualified teachers work in various educational institutions and anyone, with their help has the opportunity to study with them. Distance education also makes it possible to study simultaneously in several educational institutions. This type of education is successfully used by people with disabilities. After all, many people with disabilities move around in wheelchairs.

3. Distance education has an individual approach.

This type of education has a flexible and individual character for gaining knowledge. A person receiving such an education can independently adjust his education, draw up a schedule of training programs that is convenient for himself, schedule his classes, and compile a list of the subjects he needs. With this form of learning, you can easily go back to the lessons you have completed, skip certain sections, etc. requires independence from the student, and this, in turn, will help to acquire self-education skills, because the desire to learn manifests itself in a person almost from infancy, as soon as he leaves his stroller. From experience, people who study remotely become more independent, responsible, and mobile. Distance learning makes the learning process itself creative, which opens up new opportunities for the student, allowing him to express himself in a new way. These qualities are now in great demand in the labor market. An even greater role is played by the fact that the training is passed? ?it in a familiar and most convenient environment for learning. This indicator makes learning more productive.

Thanks to this form of acquiring knowledge, the student’s nervous tension are reduced during the current exams or tests. After all, many students are afraid of teachers and cannot fully demonstrate their knowledge.

4. Documentation of the educational process.

At any time, the student can pause the course and return to it when possible.

5. Distance education – receiving education incognito.

This type of training allows you to get an education incognito. This has its advantages for various reasons: position, age, position, and shyness.

6. Prices for distance education.

This type of training costs much less than usual. Therefore, it is the optimal method of education.

Negative aspects of distance education

One of the most negative aspects of distance learning is the lack of communication with the teacher, as well as communication with other students. But thanks to modern advances in technology, this problem is solved very simply with the help of telephone, e-mail, ICQ, and other means of communication. But those who study very often feel the lack of practical training.

It is believed that the student must be highly motivated to learn productively without a teacher. It’s hard to argue with this. But usually, if a person makes a decision about distance education, this is already a well-considered decision, because in this case, the person pays for his own education.

It is necessary to mention a technical issue. Not everyone who wants to study remotely has the opportunity, it is necessary to have a personal computer and constant access to Internet resources. And the computer literacy of today’s teachers is not too high. Too many are not yet ready for distance teaching.

The International Commission on Education, Science and Culture at the United Nations (UNESCO) proclaimed two basic principles of modern education: “education for all” and “education throughout life.” Of course, no one doubts the correctness of this approach to building an education system. But from the point of view of today’s Russian realities, a number of problems arise.

First: The problem of vast territories with uneven population density. And although the population is scattered throughout the country, the central region (especially in Moscow and St. Petersburg) is where the majority of high-level educational institutions and highly qualified teachers are concentrated. And a trip for admission to another city is often impossible due to high costs. There is still a need to improve the education of people working in the regions, as a rule, with families for whom moving to another city is associated with significant problems.

Second: it is a problem of time. Today, most modern specialists have time scheduled by the minute. And yet, no one can do without new knowledge, without lifelong learning. And even evening and Sunday education does not solve this problem.

Third: The problem of money. This applies to a greater extent to higher education and preparation for it. The competition for free places is high, and not everyone can afford paid education.

Distance education helps in solving all of the above problems. What is it? The answer is already in the definition itself. This is training “at a distance”, i.e. at a distance, when the teacher and student are separated spatially. Naturally, new technologies for presenting educational materials are used. It is they who make distance education cheap and accessible to all, opening up opportunities for communication over long distances. The conditions for the development of distance education were modern achievements in the field of learning technologies, mass media and communications, rapid development, and widespread use of various technical means. This is primarily computer and information technology; satellite communication systems; educational television; mass connection to information systems;

There are three types of distance technologies used in the learning process. The first type is a paper-based case technology. These are, first of all, teaching aids, called workbooks, which are accompanied by a tutor. The tutor maintains telephone, postal and other communication with students, and can also meet directly with students at counseling centers or training centers. The second technology is television-satellite. It is very expensive and is still little used. Its main drawback is weak interactivity, that is, feedback. And, finally, the third technology is online learning or network technology. Most often, in the process of distance learning, all of the above technologies are used in different proportions.

Distance education began to develop intensively in Europe and the USA in the early 70s. The reasons for the spread of this education are simple: every person, regardless of his nationality and location, can receive a diploma from any university. Most education professionals see distance education as a promising form because it can suit many and is less expensive. In addition, you can select specific training courses, ie. receive the so-called “education on demand”, which also gives an advantage in price.

In Russia, distance education began to develop in the 90s. In 1997, an all-Russian experiment in the field of distance learning was launched and completed in 2002. It was attended by state and non-state educational institutions. In June 2002, a meeting of the collegium of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation was held, which summed up its results. The participants of the experiment – 20 institutions of higher professional education – worked out such main groups of distance technologies as case technology (it is usually used in combination with full-time forms of education), network (Internet education), and satellite television. Higher education institutions have created and tested specialized educational materials (basic interactive teaching aids, educational videos, audio programs, educational computer programs, etc.).

An important result of the experiment was the creation of regulatory support. This made it possible for all educational institutions to work on the basis of distance learning technologies. In December 2002, the “Methodology for the Application of Distance Educational Technologies (Distance Learning) in Institutions of Higher, Secondary and Additional Professional Education in the Russian Federation” was approved. In January 2003, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed the Law “On Amendments and Additions to the Law of the Russian Federation” On Education “and the Federal Law” On Higher and Postgraduate Professional Education. recognized.

Naturally, this type of training has its pros and cons for students. If you are considering the option of education using this technology, then you should consider the following:

Advantages of distance education:

  • Learning at an individual pace – the speed of learning is set by the student himself, depending on his personal circumstances and needs.
  • Freedom and flexibility – the student can choose any of the many courses of study, as well as independently plan the time, place, and duration of classes.
  • Accessibility – independence from the geographical and temporal location of the student and educational institution allows you not to limit yourself in educational needs.
  • Mobility – the effective implementation of feedback between the teacher and the student is one of the main requirements and foundations for the success of the learning process.
  • Manufacturability – the use in the educational process of the latest achievements of information and telecommunication technologies.
  • Social equality – equal opportunities for education, regardless of the place of residence, health status, elitism, and material security of the student.
  • Creativity is a comfortable environment for the student’s creative self-expression.

Downsides:

  • Lack of face-to-face communication between students and teachers. That is, all points related to an individual approach and upbringing are excluded. And when there is no person nearby who could emotionally color knowledge, this is a significant minus.
  • The need for a number of individual psychological conditions. Distance learning requires strict self-discipline, and its result directly depends on the independence and consciousness of the student.
  • The need for constant access to information sources. Good technical equipment is needed, but not everyone who wants to study has a computer and Internet access.
  • As a rule, students feel the lack of practical training.
  • There is no constant control over students, which for a Russian person is a powerful incentive.
  • Training programs and courses may not be well developed due to the fact that there are not so many qualified specialists capable of creating such training aids today.
  • In distance education, the basis of learning is only written. For some, the inability to express their knowledge also in verbal form can turn into a stumbling block.

From our point of view, distance education is a very convenient and useful thing. But we advise you to receive basic education in this way only if for some reason (spatial, temporal, or monetary) the traditional option of education is not available to you. But in the future, preference can be given to remote forms. They are very effective in the field of additional education or advanced training because the trainee has already received the basics of the profession and knows a lot from full-time education.

Our opinion on this matter is confirmed by the fact that today in Russia the main demand for distance learning is still concentrated in the regions. After all, it is there that there are not enough educational institutions corresponding to the capital or international level. That is, other things being equal, traditional education still wins.

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